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Global fans awaited each release, with influential writer-producers coming out of Sweden, most prominently Max Martin, and a flurry of Latin superstars: Jennifer Lopez, Ricky Martin, and Shakira. Yet the performers seemed as tame as the manufactured stars Dick Clark once introduced on American Bandstand. Could a Spears, asserting sexuality in ways that resembled Madonna, be viewed as third wave feminist when she seemed so much less in control of her career?

Few said yes. Electronica, extending the legacy of disco, gave rockers a non-guitar palette: bands big as Radiohead and Daft Punk explored this direction; arenas became sites for dancing. Rootsier sounds, sometimes called alt-country and eventually Americana, kept the guitars but lost any connection to metal and almost any to punk.

Even swing jazz enjoyed a momentary revival, alongside lounge exotica. The most rock thing to do, as a half-century of rock and roll concluded, was often to not rock out at all. Technology dissolved requirements of production studios and distribution networks. Whether social boundaries would fade so easily was a harder question.

This latter sense, that mash-ups mixed people as much as the genres that divided them in the rock era, informed Glee , which aired on Fox in the s, often after American Idol. In this century, it made as much sense as Barry Manilow covers on Idol. Crossover seemed vital again: if the s were troubled that everything could be commodified, no matter how marginal, the s worried that nothing could be sold, no matter how mainstream. Napster, the illicit file sharing technology, and successors like Bit Torrent, made it impossible to keep recordings proprietary: album sales collapsed, with only rare performers Taylor Swift, Adele subsequently able to enjoy big totals.

The shattered model of the record industry prompted artists to become brands unto themselves, reliant on their own convergence culture—sponsorships, connections to other media. Reality television and tabloid celebrity nurtured aspects of pop. Billboard charts came to reflect songs streamed from YouTube, a video site that provided hits on demand and let fans upload their versions, which counted too.

Records, as a distillation of culture, gave way to broader media exposure and overlapping social networks. Kanye West emphasized the rocker as provocateur, making ambitious albums that intertwined bohemian neo-soul, indie experimentalism, hip-hop bravado, and synergistic promotion. Taylor Swift, a confessional singer-songwriter, moved from country to Top 40, building working womanhood and a rock and roll echo of riot grrrl on s paradigms.

Adele, who after the death of Amy Winehouse inherited the British Invasion tradition, broke record sales records as an Adult Contemporary singer of relatable experience and a soulful tone. If the blockbuster performer as CEO was one pop response to shattered business models, another was a resurgence of Top 40 culture as catch-all, a global pop of mashed-up identities—Black Eyed Peas, Bruno Mars. The radio format itself boomed in the s, as PPM Portable People Meter devices proved the popularity of eclectic hits presentations over ostensibly targeted approaches; the Jack format, an oldies blend impish about genre lines, was another version.

What the s had called disco, the s house and techno, and the s electronica was now EDM, or electronic dance music, which began registering hits that mashed up celebrity singers with influential live DJs. Critics started calling themselves poptimists and criticizing as rockism attempts to essentialize great music. At times, the results were unpredictable and exciting—a new rock and roll. Lady Gaga drew upon MTV traditions of superstar spectacle to create post-postmodernism. One tried to remember the last time a rocker had felt as central to the culture as Kurt Cobain.

What were the collective stories of this new era? Yet the impact of rock and roll and rock, however reconstituted, remained massive. The biggest touring acts were rock derived, the subformats of rock on radio, added together, eclipsed other genres, and so did rock album sales—both new and catalog material.

The indie networks of the s that fed neoliberal creative corporations of the s now remade neighborhoods in Brooklyn, East Nashville, or Portland around the hipster ethos of bands covered in Pitchfork or playing festivals like Coachella and Bonnaroo. This represented a shift three generations in the making, just as the boldest explorers of messy rock and roll were now women.

It seems likely that we are in the tail end of a second century, from Elvis Presley and Top 40 to the Beatles and rock, from rock and roll to hip-hop and EDM, the double imperatives of crossover and authenticity structuring a dialectic with new chapters every decade or so. In the next generation, from the s to early s, perspectives on rock and roll diversified considerably. Over the same quarter-century, academic writing on rock became a growing field.

Recent critical takes on rock and roll have turned toward confronting taste. Key essays were collected in Best Music Writing , published yearly by Da Capo from to with guest editors. Historical digging and textual reinterpretation, aided by new Internet access to archival material and growing academic hiring, has shaped recent scholarly work. Mitchell Morris brought musicology to soft pop sounds; Loren Kajikawa an equal focus to the sonics of race in rap. And the expanded presence of popular music in the second edition of the Grove Dictionary of American Music demonstrated the growth of the field within music departments.

Music made by U. Rock and roll recordings have never been easier to access, through streams from services like Spotify, individual tracks from YouTube, downloads via iTunes, and albums mail-ordered from Amazon. The harder challenge is to winnow down and find trustworthy discographical information: All Music Guide, www. The proliferation in the s of DVDs made it almost as likely that a full-length visual recording would exist of a performer as an audio recording. Written material on rock and roll represents a second key growth area. The rock documentary, or rockumentary, offers another way to survey rock and roll, so long as one watches as much to see how the story is being framed as to learn a direct lesson.

The Popular Music Studies Reader. New York: Routledge, Find this resource:. Brackett, David, ed. New York: Oxford University Press, Cateforis, Theo, ed. The Rock History Reader. Cepeda, Raquel, ed. New York: Faber and Faber, Echols, Alice. New York: W. Norton, Forman, Murray, and Mark Anthony Neal, eds.

Frith, Simon. New York: Pantheon, Gillett, Charlie. Originally published in Guralnick, Peter. New York: Little, Brown, Hernandez, Deborah Pacini.

Oye Como Va! Hybridity and Identity in Latino Popular Music. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, Keightley, Keir. Cambridge, U. Kramer, Michael J. Lipsitz, George. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, Marcus, Greil. New York: Plume, Matos, Michaelangelo. New York: Dey Street Books, McDonnell, Evelyn, and Ann Powers, eds. New York: Delta, Miller, Jim, ed. Moore, Ryan. Negus, Keith.

Music Genres and Corporate Cultures. Palmer, Robert. New York: Harmony, Savage, Jon. New York: St. Waksman, Steve. Berkeley: University of California Press, Wald, Elijah. Walser, Robert. Weisbard, Eric. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Willis, Ellen. Zak, Albin. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, The best overview is Albin J. Lhamon Jr. Matthew F. Michael J. Alan Light, ed. Bufwack and Robert K. Peterson and Bruce A. Kristine M. JungBong Choi and Roald Maliangkay, eds. For compendia of writing on rock and pop, including early accounts, see David Brackett, ed.

For collections, focused on earlier writers, see William McKeen, ed. Norton, ; Clinton Heylin, ed. Regnery, For overviews, see Simon Frith and Andrew Goodwin, eds. Ramsey Jr. Crafts et al. There is, however, a bootleg version, and full clips are available on YouTube to download. How rock and roll is that? All Rights Reserved. Personal use only; commercial use is strictly prohibited for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History. Publications Pages Publications Pages. Oxford Research Encyclopedias American History.

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Search within subject: Select Rock and Roll. Read More. Subscriber sign in. Forgot password? Don't have an account? Sign in via your Institution. Sign in with your library card. Sherry and cookies are available for refreshment. The Stakes for Sports Gambling In May, the Supreme Court struck down a federal law that effectively banned commercial sports betting in most states. What remains to be seen is the form those changes will take, and what effect they will have on professional and college sports and athletes.

Moderated by veteran sports attorney Phil Hochberg, a panel including Dan Spillane, vice president and assistant general counsel of the NBA, Tom McMillen, president and CEO of Lead1, an association of college athletic directors, and Christian Genetski, chief legal officer of FanDuel, takes on the issues facing a brave new world where gambling is legal, taxed, and as convenient as a smartphone app. Generous support for Discovery Theater is provided by the D.

If so, this lively seminar on language is for you. English Words Etymologies and Curiosities Over the past millennium and a half, the language we now call English has developed its deep, rich vocabulary by liberally adding words from other languages to its Germanic core. Borrowing, however, is only part of the story of English words. Speakers creatively construct new words, and they provide new meanings for existing words. Unlocking the English Wordhoard 11 a.

Tracking New Words and Meanings p. Lunch Participants provide their own p. Slang, Metaphor, and Other Wordplay 3 p. Lewis: Life and Legacy Fifty-five years after his death, Clive Staple Lewis — , Irish-born Oxford don, Cambridge professor, and best-selling author, still attracts and inspires readers and thinkers everywhere.

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His was a decades-long struggle toward a philosophy that embraced both faith and reason. He shows how Lewis strove to lead an authentic and integrated spiritual life, which helped to shape not only his compelling writing, but also a life of integrity, humility, honesty, humor, and, ultimately, love.

A Brief Biography: Struggle and Success 11 a. Friend of Wisdom: Lewis as Lifelong Philosopher p. Image and Imagination: Lewis as Compelling Fantasist 3 p. Taubman Hall, which has already served SCMS audiences for three seasons, receives its official Museum opening on October 18, when the spaces surrounding it will become enlivened with eight installations showcasing American history through culture, entertainment, and the arts. Kenneth Slowik, SCMS artistic director and recipient of the Smithsonian Distinguished Scholar Award, will again curate a series of pre-concert talks one hour prior to many of the programs, shedding light on the glorious music and the lives and times of the featured composers.

Following a longstanding January tradition, the ASQ invites a promising quartet in its early career to participate in a gala, all-Stradivarius-and-Amati reading of the Mendelssohn Octet. Concerts Sat. The December program begins a succession of concerts reaching until May, featuring works of Bach, Haydn, and Mozart, in which three veteran SCMS violinists and three exceptional players of the younger generation dialogue with keyboardist Kenneth Slowik. The Saturday and Sunday series each offer a representative sampling of these varied programs.

To enjoy the entire selection, combine a series with selected individual concert tickets. Ludwig van Beethoven: Three Marches, Op. Do you know where to find a great cup of coffee in Istanbul? Look no further than Sprudge, the premier website for coffee content, to find out everything about all things coffee. They talk about growing, roasting, brewing, and serving coffee, along with details about its production What is washed coffee? Michelman and Carlsen blend insights into the essential rules of coffee etiquette at home and in cafes with facts and lore drawn from popular culture around the globe.

After the program, enjoy samples from a local coffee company. Sara Murphy and Bethanee Bemis, museum specialists in the division of political history at the American History Museum, have done just that. Once they had quite literally stared death in the face, they started to see it popping up in various guises everywhere in the collections. An intriguing offshoot of that process has been the surprising accumulation of stuff—the material culture of death, if you will—that appears. Feeling mellow? Have energy to burn?

Booze and Vinyl Running Press is available for sale and signing. We encourage you to share your experience though a photo or post on social media during or after a program—and ask that you tag Smithsonian Associates when you do. If you use your phone, do it with consideration for both fellow audience members and presenters, and remember that full recording of any program is not permitted. Living with the Gods Peoples, Objects, and Beliefs As far back as we can tell, tribes, communities, and societies have always struggled to understand their place in the natural or supernatural world.

Along with the creation of shared belief systems, they frequently created rituals, monuments, and artifacts to symbolize their spiritual tenets. Neil MacGregor, art historian and former director of the British Museum, explores how items as disparate as the Lion Man an ivory carving considered to be the oldest known representation of a symbolic being and an Aztec ritual knife, among others, highlight how belief systems were ritualized and how they strengthened communities.

MacGregor explains that spiritual unity often dissipated as early societies expanded or interacted with other cultures with conflicting systems. Moving from objects to current global politics, he analyzes what belief systems throughout history have meant to public life, and how they give us our sense of who we are. What Makes It Great? In a three-part format, Kapilow first explores a great musical masterpiece with the audience. Moving away from refined sugar and corn syrup, more consumers are turning to natural sweeteners, and unprocessed, unadulterated maple syrup—simply boiled tree sap—is about as natural as it gets.

New uses include organic black and green teas sweetened with maple, as well as experiments such as bourbon-barrelaged maple syrup, and syrups infused with vanilla bean, cinnamon, and salted caramel. After the program, enjoy a maple syrup tasting, including a maple-inspired cocktail. Upcoming: Mendelssohn Octet: Sun.

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Tosi leads a special evening devoted to the sugar-fueled, manically creative cake universe that she captures in her newest cookbook, Milk Bar: All About Cake. Following the program, sample treats from D. With After the program, enjoy a glass of French wine and light appetizers. Leonard Bernstein — was an American Renaissance Man: composer, conductor, concert pianist, Broadway tunesmith, educator, humanitarian, and so much more. His was a life of fertile creativity and inspiration that could make all of the arts—but especially music— irresistible to millions of people. And yet his legacy is that of a beloved icon whose superb musical performances and compositions are central to the American idiom.

UVA Press. Walt Whitman, , by Frank Pearsall. She provides context for their life in D. Lecture only: Thurs. Beneath the staid surface of Washington, D. It can also lay claim to being a significant guitar town. Film and A musician performs at an outdoor festival in Washington, D. Belgian beer dates back to the first Crusades, as French and Flemish abbeys brewed and sold the beverage. With approximately breweries, Belgium is a mecca A toast to Bruges, Belgium for beer-loving travelers. Chuck Cook, a journalist and photographer, specializes in writing about Belgian beer.

Magical Prague The Crown of Bohemia Lose yourself in Prague, city of a hundred spires, as cultural historian Ursula Wolfman takes you on a virtual tour along its medieval cobblestone lanes and dark passageways, past its many churches and synagogues, into the heart of a city dominated by the magnificent Hradcany, the 1,year-old castle complex. How are these ideas developed so that characters are both believable and complex? In this daylong program, writer Elizabeth Poliner leads a lively exploration of these questions through discussion and the use of in-class writing exercises.

By the end of the seminar, participants may have enough material at hand to go home and write a great story! Please bring writing materials to class. Understanding the Connection Between Character and Plot p. The Divine Comedy offers us the most familiar, yet most mysterious of all spectacles. It is a poem that speaks to us at the level of our basic humanity. For readers, it can be a rewarding journey of personal discovery, too.

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Purgatorio: Freedom and Forgiveness 3 p. Want some great cocktail ideas for celebrating the holidays? How about with Champagne? The era of gaslight and hansom cabs is long past, but the redoubtable detective is enjoying a fresh surge of popularity, fueled by a blockbuster movie franchise and modern-day television adaptations on both sides of the Atlantic. A reception follows the program.

Before the theatrical magic begins at a matinee performance, get a special behind-the-scenes VIP tour of the Music Hall, covering the stunning s interiors and art, the Great Stage, Mighty Wurlitzer Organ, and an opportunity to meet a The Radio City Rockettes perform the March of the Wooden Soldiers Rockette along the way. Inside the Homes and Studios of Glass Artists The Washington area is home to a wide variety of glass artists working in an equally wide range of styles and techniques.

Spend a fascinating day visiting Members noted artists in their studios and homes to see them at work and explore their ONLY creations. Museum education consultant Sheila Pinsker leads the tour. Join Robert Wiener in his studio and residence in Washington, D. Explore his varied series and collections, with their decorative, architectural, and functional applications.

Joan Danziger had used many media in creating her signature fantasy sculptures, but she found that using glass transformed and enriched her artwork. Visit her home and studio in the District to see her large collection of the imaginative creatures. The key to understanding the inspiration for these works—and so many more across the centuries—is through an overview of ancient material culture. Renee Gondek, adjunct faculty member in art history at the University of Mary Washington, leads an insightful survey of the paintings, sculptures, and architecture produced in ancient Egypt, and the Greek Great Sphinx of Giza and the pyramid of and Roman worlds.

Journey down the Nile during the Khafre, Egypt third and second millennia B. Study the archaeological remains of the earliest Greeks including the palace of Knossos on Crete reportedly the home of mythical King Minos to treasures found in Mycenaen graves. Examine the development of Greek art from koroi and korai figures to the famous Euphronios krater, a masterpiece of Athenian vase painting.

Finally, learn about the highly political sphere of the ancient Romans and imperial monuments like the Ara Pacis, Column of Trajan, Pantheon, and Arch of Constantine. Color Photography Sessions are comprised of hands-on projects Project: Retouching a portrait in Lightroom, enhanced by lecture. Among the activities, hand-coloring photographs students build a camera obscura; create cyanotypes and surrealist-inspired ray-o-grams; 4 sessions; Fri.

Noted for its organic, sinuous, and seductive styles, the art nouveau movement in modern art and design—called the New Style—developed out of the arts and crafts and aesthetic movements. Centered in France at the very turn of the last century, it was celebrated at the Exposition Universelle of in Paris and quickly spread to England and America. Meet French masters of the New Style, such as Rene Lalique, Majorelle, and Mucha whose artistry was felt in glass, furniture, and painting.

Ironically, the artist most closely associated with art nouveau was not French, but American: Louis Comfort Tiffany, whose studio produced stained glass, glass mosaics, and most especially art glass. Art historian Bonita Billman explores art nouveau, which flowered for only a decade or so, but has a long-lasting influence and popularity. The Origins and Characteristics of Art Nouveau 11 a.

Art Nouveau in France p. The New Style in Britain 3 p. The core courses and electives are selected from among our courses, seminars, study tours, and studio art classes. Get started today Registration is ongoing and year round. Credits are counted from the day of Girl with a Pearl Earring, ca.

Embroidery at its highest level—haute couture—is seen in an expressive, sculptural application of elements such as glass beads, sequins, gold, feathers, jewels, pearls, and hand-dyed silk flowers. It elevates luxury fabric to the ultimate level of extravagance.

Needleworker Kristin Skinner leads a studio fashion project in which students create their own haute couture-style embriodered buttons. The Bauhaus, founded in in Weimar, Germany, by the young architect Walter Gropius, was part modernist school of art and design and part dream factory. Eventually, the school came to embrace the arts and crafts movement and the idea of reuniting the arts and industry through design to produce beautiful and beneficial designs for industrialized society. The Bauhaus building in Dessau, Germany, Its approach was a blend of practical work and theoretical teaching.

Students were taught in designed by Walter Gropius, —26 workshops led by both craftsmen and artists and the curriculum included everything from fine art, typography, and graphic design to interior design and architecture. Artist and art historian Joseph Paul Cassar explores the importance and enduring influence of the Bauhaus. Art and Technology: A New Unity 11 a. Origins and Aims p. The Teachers p. It rises from a promontory high above the Hudson River in Fort Tryon Park on the northern tip of Manhattan, with the cliffs of the New Jersey Palisades visible on the opposite shore.

The blaze of autumn foliage makes a visit to the Cloisters and its gardens an even more splendid experience. They were brought from various sites in France and reconstructed between and , when the museum opened to the public. The Met Cloisters in autumn Its collections comprise incomparable medieval objects such as the renowned illuminated Belles Heures of Jean de France, duc de Berry; the allegorical Unicorn Tapestries, and exquisite stained glass chapel windows, stone sculptures, painted icons, and a carved ivory cross.

The Treasury exhibit space houses priceless pieces meant for liturgical celebrations, personal devotions, and secular uses. Free time is available to wander through serene interior spaces or to sit and contemplate in Heavenly Bodies: Fashion and the Catholic one of the three gardens that were planted following medieval designs. There is also an excellent Imagination at the Met Cloisters gift shop. Art historian Ursula Wolfman leads the tour. Understanding Contemporary Art From Pop to Pluralism Avant-garde American art of the s was dominated by two contradictory impulses.

On one side, a group of young artists returned to representational art, but with a cool and decidedly modern twist known as pop. At the same time, the so-called minimalists created a new kind of abstraction, paring down their works to just a few perfect colors and forms. Then, beginning in the s, artists explored a new variety of materials, techniques, and styles.

That experimentation gave rise to the term pluralism that encompassed forms from conceptual art to environmental and performance art, which still resonate today. Art historian Nancy G. Heller looks at the roots and later influences of radical American art from the last five decades, including the works of Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein; the subtleties inherent in paintings by Ellsworth Kelly; photo-realist paintings by Chuck Close and Audrey Flack; and the installations of Christo, Judy Chicago, and others.

Introduction to Pluralism: The Extremes 11 a. Taking Art Out of the Gallery and Museum p. From colossal Olmec heads to the paintings of Frida Kahlo, Aztec temples to Mexican murals, this survey of Latin American art sweeps through the centuries and locations including Central Railway of Brazil, , by Tarsila ancient Mesoamerica, Do Amaral coastal Peru, and the top of the Andes.

Michele Greet, associate professor and director of the art history program at George Mason University, traces the significant creators, works, influences, and trends that defined and shaped the arts of Latin America from their earliest expressions through the 19th and 20th centuries. Join decorative arts specialist Erin Kuykendall for a tour of historic Annapolis, Maryland, as you discover architectural gems and works of art from the eve of the American Revolution. Begin the day on an expert-led walking tour of historic Annapolis.

Visit the Maryland State House, the oldest U. In this riveting course, Robert DeCaroli, professor in the department of history and art history at George Mason University, highlights the artistic traditions and historical changes within the Indian subcontinent. Learn about the emergence of the Vedic tradition, the first large-scale empires in the Gangetic Basin, and the beginnings of the Jain and Buddhist traditions. Explore the creative fervor that followed the arrival of the Kushan kings, including new forms of figural art and rock-cut architecture, and the grand tradition of Hindu art and architecture.

Trace the creation of grand temples and spectacular bronze work in the southern portions of the subcontinent, and the early embrace of a new religious tradition, Islam, in the north. Vibrant Colors Glass in Baltimore Baltimore offers the perfect destination for aficionados of historic glass in many forms. Afternoon stops at three churches focus on the vivid colors and beauty of glass art in religious settings.

Conclude the day at First Unitarian Church of Baltimore, which contains a stunning mosaic that depicts the Last Supper in 64, pieces of iridescent glass. Medieval fortresses built for defense with moats and towers gradually gave way to spectacular Renaissance pleasure palaces. Appropriately, the afternoon includes a break to enjoy a glass of French wine. The Days of Knights. Country Life and Court Life p. Lunch French-inspired boxed lunch is provided p. Luxury and Liaisons p.

Break for a glass of wine and a Parisian-inspired snack p. Barnes is often considered the greatest post-impressionist and early-modern art collection in the world, with more than 3, masterpieces. The building was designed to be a complement to the world-famous Barnes art collection.

The Barnes museum in Philadelphia houses dazzling collections of French modern and The Barnes Foundation post-impressionist paintings that can be enjoyed with audio guide supplements. A highlight of the visit is the special exhibition Berthe Morisot: Woman Impressionist. Art historian Bonita Billman leads the tour and offers a lecture en route to Philadelphia. Art Deco Vibrant, Eclectic, and Dynamic With the advent of the Jazz Age, the art world searched for modern forms and decorative motifs to reflect this exciting new era.

They were found in bold geometric shapes such as chevrons, lozenges, zigzags, and sunbursts and in contemporary technology and the materials. By using all major media, including glass, ceramic, metal, wood, textiles, paper, marble, and paint, and drawing on a variety of historical sources including ancient Egypt, the classical world, and Asian art, the vibrant art deco movement soon reflected modern living, the machine age, and the skyscraper.

Art Deco in England and the Empire 3 p. American Art Deco and Streamline Moderne. The Cradle of Modernity As the 19th century drew to a close, Vienna was a city at the heart of a vanishing world power. It was also an incubator for some of the most important figures in the arts, letters, and philosophy: Sigmund Freud, Robert Musil, Gustav Klimt, Arnold Schoenberg, and Egon Schiele, to name few.

Breaking with the Past. Egon Schiele: The Gaze toward the Interior p. The six historic houses in Fairmount Park, along the Schuylkill River, offer a glimpse into the lives of prominent Philadelphians during an important time in history, just prior to and after the American Revolution. The houses reflect a range of architectural styles, from the symmetry of Palladian style to the lightness of the federal, with a love of neoclassicism that continued into the 19th century.

Lemon Hill, a classically inspired mansion, has unusual oval rooms featuring Cedar Grove unique curved doors and fireplaces; Strawberry Mansion, built around , incorporates both Federal and Greek Revival styles, and its grounds include a charming secret garden; and midth-century Cedar Grove contains an extensive collection of furniture and decorative arts, with many objects from the Quaker family who built it and owned it for generations.

Built in , its exterior was modeled on a grand country house. Bill Keene, a lecturer in history, urban studies, and architecture, serves as the tour leader. With Versailles, he got that and more. The massive structure, with its mirrored halls and magnificent gardens, was built in As befitted the luxurious tastes of its owner, the palace became the hotbed for fashion, food, design, music, and, of course, some delicious court intrigue. Versailles was the principal residence of future kings of France up to the French Revolution. Art historian Stefanie Walker unravels the tangled history of Versailles, and provides a guide to the main features of the palace and gardens, which have inspired imitations the world over.

A Trio of Museum Gems An Artful Weekend in New York Treat yourself to an art-filled weekend escape to Manhattan that gives you plenty of time to take in guided visits of three distinctive and stunning smaller museums—and a night on the town to enjoy as you like. Art historian Ursula Rehn Wolfman leads the tour, which offers the rare opportunity to visit the famed Neue Gallery before it opens to the public for the day.

The Morgan Library and Museum—an opulent Renaissance-inspired private library designed for banker and collector Pierpont Morgan in —houses illuminated manuscripts, rare books, literary and historical manuscripts, music manuscripts, and drawings. The former residence of another Gilded Age figure, Henry Clay Frick, is now the Frick Collection, a museum and research center whose holdings grew from the Old Master paintings and European sculpture and decorative arts acquired by its namesake.

The museum includes several gardens designed by Frederick Law Olmstead Jr. Participants stay in the historic Roosevelt Hotel, restored to its Jazz-Age glamour and with a midtown Manhattan location that makes it an ideal base for Saturday evening on your own. Humans are not the only ones who have dating websites. After enjoying a breakfast buffet and performance on Lion and Tiger Hill visit the Kids Activity Corner for a hands-on pollinator-related experience.

Then, meet some of the animals and their keepers. Please note: This special event is open only to members of the Smithsonian Associates and their guests. Over the years, these and other space telescopes have provided scientists with the rich data needed to understand our universe across different wavelengths. And by revealing deep stretches of space and time, they have helped humans to better grasp the wonders of the cosmos. The Chandra X-Ray Observatory detects emissions from hot turbulent regions of space billions of light years away. Sam Quinn, an astronomer with Smithsonian the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Spotlight Astrophysics, discusses the unique capabilities of the major space observatories and their contributions to exoplanet science.

ONLY Sat. He was amazed to discover that the 2 square meters of ironstone was more than million years old and contained at least 70 footprints of at least 8 types of mammals. It is the largest and most diverse assemblage from the dinosaur age found in the Mid-Atlantic region—and is just one of the remarkable diversity of fossils preserved within Maryland.

Stanford, who has tracked dinosaurs for 25 years, shares his personal adventure of discovering and interpreting this unprecedented find. Another find, a hatchling nodosaur, Propanoplosaurus marylandicus, is in the Natural History Museum. Breakfast at the Zoo Saturday, September 22 8 to 11 a. Rooted in Shinto and Buddhist traditions of reverence for nature, the practice involves a full sensory immersion in the outdoors. Recent health studies conducted in Japan, North America, and other countries document the mental and physical health benefits of quiet time spent in nature as well as in urban natural landscapes.

Experience forest bathing as Melanie Choukas-Bradley, a certified nature and forest-therapy guide, leads a series of 2-hour walks in the Enid A. Haupt Garden behind the Smithsonian Castle. NIH has the pulse on modern medicine. The four-part series provides a unique opportunity to bring the efforts of NIH into public view. Kevin D. Hall takes a look at the interplay of metabolism, the brain and diet.

He discusses the powerful biological responses that resist weight loss and promote weight regain, but suggests that there is still hope for successfully treating obesity. Yasmine Belkaid discusses the role of the microbiota—the myriad of microbes we co-evolved with—in the development and function of the immune system, and how these microbes protect us against infections. David Leopold explores how the human brain is strongly invested in visual perception, with a sizeable fraction of the cerebral cortex devoted to reading social signals. John Tisdale discusses sickle cell disease, which affects , Americans and millions around the world.

The inherited disease affects the hemoglobin in red blood cells that carries oxygen and results in severe anemia, frequent severe pain, end organ damage, and early mortality. Because the abnormal red blood cells derive from bone marrow stem cells, he explains, efforts to cure the disease are focused on strategies to replace or repair bone marrow stem cells. In an unsettled and rapidly changing world, various prospects for the future—good and bad—are possible. Unfortunately, finds one prominent British scientist, too often our approach to what lies ahead is constricted by short-term thinking, alarmist rhetoric, and pessimism.

Cosmologist and astrophysicist Martin Rees, who holds the position of Astronomer Royal, argues that we must think rationally, globally, collectively, and optimistically about the long-term future. On the Future Princeton University Press is available for sale and signing. Have you ever wondered why most alien life on Star Trek strongly resembles us Earthlings?

Explore the possibility of humanoid or other forms of life on other planets with Noor on simulated bridge of the Mohamed Noor, a professor of USS Enterprise biology at Duke University, editorin-chief of the research journal Evolution, and lifelong Trekkie. Drawing on relevant scenes from the series, Noor presents evidence for the existence of a common ancestor for life on Earth, and clarifies misconceptions about evolutionary biology.

He discusses the science of evolution and how we might use modern evolutionary approaches to understand the origins of extraterrestrial life—if and when such life is found. But you might leave with a greater understanding of evolution and, perhaps, a deeper appreciation of Star Trek.

The 2,acre sanctuary offers incredible scenic overlooks, 8 miles of trail, a visitor center, native plant garden, and the Acopian Center for Conservational Learning. Along with more than 13, acres of private and public lands, the preserve is part of one of the largest protected tracts of contiguous forest in southeastern Pennsylvania. In addition to its Peregrine flying above Hawk Mountain raptor population, Hawk Mountain is an important mammal area and the site of an international pilot project of the Pennsylvania Biological Survey. Your time on the mountain—at the height of the fall migration season— begins with a staff-led orientation followed by a picnic box lunch.

The day winds down with a private tour of Yuengling Brewery in Pottsville, the oldest in America, followed by dinner at a local restaurant. Return on Saturday morning to enjoy some free time to take in the sanctuary at your own pace, or join park staff in guided activities that cover topics such as binocular basics, identifying raptors, and trapping and tracking Hawk Mountain bird-watchers research techniques.

In , Mason Neck State Park became the first federal sanctuary for bald eagles. After a brief presentation at the visitors center, take an easy 3-mile hike over trails that cross the wetlands on a series of boardwalks and meander through a hardwood forest of oaks, hickory, and holly. A docent-led tour of the Workhouse Prison Museum includes an exhibition on some of its most notable inmates, the American suffragists held here after their arrest for picketing the White House in See for yourself during a visit to realms of wonder eons in the making in the scenic Shenandoah Valley.

Marvel at the aragonite bushes bursting from ascending walls and stunning examples of draperies—cascades of flowstone suspended from ceilings. After lunch, spend the afternoon exploring the depths of Luray Caverns, known for exceptional shields, veils, domes, flowstone, and forests of stalactites. Spacecraft have seen 13 asteroids at close range, with a landing on one set for late this year. The project will help scientists investigate how planets formed and how life began, as well as improve our understanding of asteroids that could impact our planet—particularly as there is a relatively high probability for Bennu to do so late in the 22nd century.

We still know little about asteroids— and how to accurately predict when one of them might strike Earth.

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Kelly Beatty, a veteran space journalist, explores the science and science fiction of asteroids. Author and naturalist Melanie Choukas-Bradley leads a scenic walk around the island, pointing out distinguishing features of the sycamores, cottonwoods, maples, oaks, beeches, musclewoods, river birches, basswoods, and many other tree species in their late-fall glory.

Look and listen, as well, for great blue herons, bald eagles, belted kingfishers, and wood ducks while you gaze across the river toward the Kennedy Center, Lincoln Memorial, and other iconic D. During the walk, hear highlights of the fascinating history of the island, which was once owned by the family of George Mason. And what makes each of us different from everyone else? Neuroscientist Kevin J. Mitchell traces human diversity and individual differences to their deepest level: the wiring of our brains. Drawing on important new research, including his own, he explains how variations in the way our brains develop before birth strongly influence our psychology and behavior, shaping our personality, intelligence, sexuality, and even the way we perceive the world.

However, the way that program plays out is also affected by random processes of development that manifest uniquely in each person, even identical twins. Mitchell presents his insight on the nature or nurture debate, explaining that the combination of developmental and genetic variations create innate differences in how our brains are wired. To understand these nations in the context of the modern world, Justin M. Jacobs, associate professor of history at American University, provides a perspective that spans thousands of years. Ancient Chinese Philosophers.

Jacobs examines the views of some of the most important and enduring thinkers of ancient China on the meaning of life, the role of the state, the importance of civilization, relationships among people, and how to gain and maintain power. There are more than 3, years of recorded history in China. The major themes and events from the great states and empires of the East Asian mainland, from the foundational institutions of the Shang and Zhou dynasties, classical philosophers, and the establishment of the first empire to the impact of the West on China.

The influential issues, episodes, and people that shaped modern China, from the Qing dynasty — to successive 20th-century republics. He reviews the major political, economic, and cultural forces of the late imperial era, and how they transformed over the course of the 19th and 20th century. Though it lasted only for half a century, the Japanese empire was one of the most surprising and innovative states in the annals of modern history.

Individual sessions: Tues. Visit the famed Horseshoe Curve at Kittaning Point, a marvel of 19th-century railroading—and among the list of American industrial sites targeted by potential German saboteurs during World War II. In May , a broken dam in the mountains above Johnstown unleashed a flood that took 2, lives. Nevin recounts the role of the railroads in spreading the warning and saving lives, and bringing in rescue workers and supplies. The group visits the Johnstown Flood Museum, then rides up the steepest funicular in the world for a spectacular view of the city and the valley down which the flood swept.

Blueprints of Empire In their book Power, Ambition, Glory, Steve Forbes editor-in-chief of Forbes, and historian and classicist John Prevas examined the rise and fall of ancient empires through an analysis of the political and moral leadership of the rulers who shaped them, with a parallel look at modern CEOs and how they fit into the framework of history.

Both imperial Rome and America began as agrarian societies ruled by foreign kings: the Romans by Etruscans and the Americans by the English. Both revolted against monarchy and transitioned into republics, and then into empires. America emerged from World War II to become the strongest nation in history.

Christians faced controversy on every front—externally with both pagans and Jews and internally with various Christian groups holding diverse theological views struggling for dominance. Ehrman discusses the Roman persecution of early Christians and why they were condemned as immoral anti-social atheists who engaged in dangerous ritual practices. He explores the circumstances that turned what began as a Jewish sect into a virulently anti-Jewish religion. Another controversy he identifies went to the heart of the Christian faith: the doctrine of the Trinity comprising the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit— all God and yet only one God.

Finally, Ehrman provides insight into how the Church settled on which books to include in the New Testament, especially in light of the many volumes allegedly written by apostolic authorities that were in circulation in the early years. Why Did the Romans Hate the Christians? Everyone who lives here knows the challenges of navigating around the Washington region— or flying out of it. Discover some of the infrastructure solutions designed to combat them by spending a day with transportation professionals on a tour led by Bill Keene, a lecturer in history, urban studies, and architecture.

From congestionreducing road improvements to a new terminal, learn what DCA is doing to keep up with a growing region. The tour highlights transit-oriented development and investments, as well as bike infrastructure, in the Crystal City, Pentagon City, and Shirlington areas. Then head back to D. Flying Aces of WWI Early in the last century, aviation was in its infancy—and dangerous enough without the added element of combat.

Yet a group of young men from several nations climbed aboard frail machines of canvas and wood and took to the sky to do battle. Those who survived this new type of warfare were accorded a status similar to modern-day rock stars. Each country needed heroes, and these daring flying aces fit the bill. Mark C. These and other stories of aces bring to life this legendary era of aviation history. The Sultana was a Boston-built merchant vessel that served for four years as the smallest schooner ever in the British Royal Navy. Step aboard the Sultana, one of the most accurate 18th-century replicas in the world, for a vivid picture of working life on the water, including a glimpse at navigational tools and original log books.

The cruise also offers an opportunity to learn about the ecology of the area and the importance of the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The town served as a port of entry during colonial times, and is also the home of Washington College, the oldest liberal arts college in Maryland. For more than years, his true nature has been debated. Evil uncle who deprived a young nephew of his claim to the crown? Or loyal Yorkist who took his rightful place on the throne and saved England from slipping back into civil war? Caught in the Act!

In Collaboration with the International Spy Museum The best operatives never get caught—but some spies and insurgents did. They were people who had big plans, but were stopped in their tracks: caught in the act…rolled up…shut down…and even terminated. This fascinating series shares the stories of notable arrests, captures, executions, and expulsions from the s through today.

Explore ingenious entrapments and false-flag operations with the people who developed and used them, as well as experts familiar with these maneuvers. Catching Che. Che Guevara, a key actor in the Cuban Revolution, had plans to inspire insurgency and defeat capitalism on a global scale. When he headed to Latin America, the U. Vince Houghton, Spy Museum curator and historian, explains how the CIA used covert action, paramilitary forces, and Cuban exiles to hunt him down. Veteran undercover agent Marc Ruskin employed his unique skills to infiltrate criminal organizations, including a New York Mafia family.

Brian Regan, He describes the FBI false-flag operation that ensnared traitor Roy Lynn Oakley who was about to sell secret materials used for enriching uranium. American intelligence agent Brian Patrick Regan had concocted a brilliant, multi-layered encryption system to mask his theft of government secrets. Yudhijit Bhattacharjee, author of The Spy Who. The Series has also faced challenges, from players gambling on and fixing games to cancellations in and to the San Francisco earthquake that really shook up an audience.

The World Series has changed along with the culture of baseball and the times themselves. Today, it finds itself competing for attention in an increasingly crowded sports landscape. Yet, it remains a pillar of American sports. Randall C. Thysse, a special agent in charge of the FBI Omaha Field Division, explains how a report from a cornfield manager triggered a high-stakes economic espionage case involving trade secrets that were about to be smuggled out of the United States by two Chinese businessmen.

Ronald Reagan lived an extraordinary life. He was a sportscaster, Hollywood actor, California governor, and our 40th President. Forty years after leaving the White Ronald Reagan, House, Reagan has assumed a nearmythical place in American history. His was an administration with its share of highs and lows, including the Iran-Contra affair, which dogged him, and his legacy-ensuring nuclear arms reduction agreement with the Soviet Union.

He was accused of lacking intellectual heft and leaving the hard-nosed political scheming to others, but his good nature and willingness to see the good in people was unimpeachable. Best-selling author Bob Spitz sits down with journalist Steven Roberts to discuss his new biography, Reagan: An American Journey, which portrays a man who—by dint of luck, charm, or something else—landed the role of his life. Learn how explorers discovered the world through shipbuilding, navigation,. After lunch, visit the Watermens Museum in historic Yorktown, Virginia, for a guided tour.

Arlington National Cemetery A Salute to Latinos and Immigrants The more than , service members buried at Arlington National Cemetery represent a cross-section of both the diversity of the American military and our nation itself. Jim Carr, a master Washington tour guide and author, leads visits that focus on members of two significant populations represented in the cemetery: Latinos and immigrants to America. A Latino Legacy During Hispanic Heritage Month, visit the graves and memorials and hear the stories of noteworthy Latino service members.

An Honor Roll of Immigrants From the Revolutionary era through the present, Americans born in other countries have made countless contributions to the nation. Visit the graves of the founder of the nuclear navy; one of the Marines who raised the flag over Iwo Jima; a pioneer in the development of cryptology; a Pakistani American who gave his life in Iraq; the only foreign-born chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and the creator of the oral polio vaccine. The city suffered human loss, with men and women dying in the conflict. Vietnam: A Portrait of Tragedy It was a war that left two million people dead.

Drawing on his new book, Vietnam: An Epic Tragedy, , journalist Max Hastings reveals a conflict that while devastating for America was even more so for the Vietnamese people. Hastings also shares lessons for the 21st century about the misuse of military might to confront intractable political and cultural challenges. Vietnam: An Epic Tragedy Harper is available for purchase and signing. A central element of that conflict was the war conducted on six oceans and a number of seas.

Maritime historian Craig L. Symonds offers a summary and analysis of how that naval conflict determined both the trajectory and the outcome of the war. From the convoy battles in the North Atlantic to carrier duels in the Pacific and amphibious landings from Guadalcanal to D-Day, the war at sea was a single giant global struggle. He also illustrates how the war was not only global, it was also simultaneous. Navy ships into Lingayen Gulf, Philippines, January The Future of U.

From nuclear non-proliferation to trade, and from education to the world economy, the two powers worked to find common ground following the end of Cold War era hostilities. Today, this relationship is beset by challenges. Through the lens of American diplomats working at the forefront of U. Vladimir Putin at a news conference following the G20 Summit, State Department 3 sessions; Wed. The Road to Abolition Harpers Ferry and Antietam The beginning of the end of slavery can be traced to two extraordinary events that took place in a tiny corner of Maryland and West Virginia.

Just 12 miles away and 35 months later, the bloodiest day in American history occurred at the Battle of Antietam. Although fought to a draw, the Union won a crucial strategic victory in repelling the Confederate invasion, and President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation five days afterward. Join author and historian Garrett Peck on an exciting day trip steeped in history as participants begin by exploring the natural beauty of Harpers Ferry and following the steps of John Brown and his companions.

After lunch in Harpers Ferry, travel to Antietam to investigate the battle that transformed the Civil War. Be sure to bring your camera and sturdy walking shoes, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, at the confluence of the Shenandoah and Potomac rivers as the tour covers parts of both Harpers Ferry and the Antietam National Battlefield on foot, including the Sunken Road and the Burnside Bridge. There are also a few optional staircases along the route. The unique collection of recruits operated in most of the countries of occupied Europe and beyond.

The most famous was Bletchley Park, where members were trained to become secret agents. SOE has obtained legendary status as a result of sabotage, subversion, and other irregular means to weaken Nazi Germany and its allies. He was passionate about his beliefs, he treated his peers with respect, and he was a tireless advocate of liberal causes. In his new biography, historian Arnold A. Skaife shares insights into bird behavior, stories from British history and folklore, and a fascinating look at a most unusual job. Power, Empire, and Propaganda Egypt, one of the great superpowers of the ancient world, produced a culture and system of government that endured for more than 3, years.

Ideally, the king or queen ensured economic prosperity and defended against all threats. In return, the subjects were devoted to the royal family, comforted by the belief that divine wisdom and justice inspired their ruler. However, was that assumption a valid one? Khufu: Builder of the Great Pyramid 11 a. Tutankhamun: The Dark Side of Empire p. Statue of Khufu. Thirty-two-year-old doctor Benjamin Rush was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence and among the first Sons of Liberty in Philadelphia.

His anonymous writings helped inspire the Boston Tea Party. He traces how this son of a Philadelphia blacksmith grew into an internationally renowned writer and reformer who championed public education and opposed prejudice by race, religion, or gender—all among the reasons why Fried feels the overlooked Rush deserves a place in the pantheon of great American leaders. Between the world wars, no sport was more popular, or more dangerous, than airplane racing. The men who flew the planes were hailed as dashing heroes.

The handful of female pilots on the racing scene were ridiculed for trying to horn in on a manly, and often deadly, activity. He traces how these women proved their mettle in the air and broke into the male-dominated racing circuit, including challenging the greatest pilots in the prestigious and grueling Bendix Trophy Race in Unquestionably the predominant political figure in Russia since the turn of the century, Vladimir Putin was elected president in March for the fourth time, receiving three-quarters of the vote against a field comprising several other candidates.

A recent poll in Russia shows that more than half of his countrymen would elect him again in if they could. The West has made its dislike and distrust of Putin Vladimir Putin at the Russian Popu- clear in the media and at gatherings of political leaders. But at home, Putin has exhibited remarkable staying power. Is his popularity generated or is it genuine—and to what extent?

In an absorbing program, George E. Yasujiro Ozu, Japan, , min. Petersburg—have given the country that became Russia much of its character. Historian George E. Munro explores their history, culture, and signature sites. He shows how they exercised power, celebrated religion, and fostered trade while pursuing a singular path into the present.

Kiev: City of Legends and Mystery 11 a. Lord Novgorod the Great p. Lunch participants provide their own. Moscow: Mother of Modern Russia 3 p. Petersburg, Russia. As president, he kept friends and foes guessing, appearing unpredictably in old, worn, and out-of-date clothing or just as easily playing the polished gentleman in a black suit.

Was Jefferson fashioning his public persona to promote his political agenda? Was he branding his own image with his use of clothing, portraiture, and even architecture? The Jews of Spain Years of History After almost a millennium of harmonious existence in Spain, what had been the most populous and prosperous Jewish community in Europe ceased to exist on the Iberian Peninsula. The thousand-year history of Jews in Spain is a dramatic tale of power and influence, of the horrors of the Full-page miniature from the Sister Inquisition, and finally, the Haggadah, Barcelona, Expulsion.

Fundamentalist Islamic tribes drove them from Muslim to Christian Spain. In , thousands were killed, and more than a third of the Jewish population were forced to convert by anti-Jewish rioters. A century later, the Spanish Inquisition accused thousands of these converts of heresy. By the end of the 15th century, Jews had been expelled from Spain and forcibly converted in Portugal and Navarre.

Author Jeffrey Gorsky shares their story and discusses the impact of these early examples of racial discrimination and religious persecution on later cultures. What the Midterm Elections Reveal About America Without a presidential race on the ballot, midterm elections are usually seen as a collection of low-energy challenges. But in this turbulent era, the Nov. Ken Walsh, White House and political analyst for U. Enjoy a mile round-trip excursion and lunch onboard the first-class dining car of the Western Maryland Scenic Railroad.

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Climb through the Allegheny Mountains on the Western Maryland , a GP30 built in the s, distinctive for its high profile and stepped cab roof, unique among American locomotives. Explore historic Frostburg on a minute stop. Washington has Hamilton-mania! The overwhelming popularity of the show, with its crafty lyrics, hip-hop beats, and big, bold story, has even rejuvenated interest in the real lives and true histories that Hamilton: An American Musical puts center stage.

Historian Richard Bell examines this musical phenomenon to reveal what its success tells us about the marriage of history and show business. He investigates what this amazing production gets right—and wrong—about Alexander Hamilton, the American Revolution, and the birth of the United States, and why it matters.

What could Europeans have done to stop the rise of Nazism in Germany and the murder of six million European Jews? What did the international community, including the United States, do in the face of the Nazi threat? And when? By examining this new exhibition, participants have the opportunity Americans and the Holocaust, a new speical exhibition at the U.

Two Holocaust Museum experts—Gretchen Skidmore, director of education initiatives, and Daniel Greene, historian and exhibition curator—bring us behind the scenes during their conversation about the exhibition, which participants are invited to experience after-hours. Old Town Alexandria, Virginia, is filled with a refined historic charm reflected in its grand colonial architecture and cobblestone streets.

But it was also the city where brewing first began in the Washington, D. Brewing was a major part of the local economy. It was also a source of innovation: Robert Portner, the largest brewer in the South, invented air conditioning and ice making machinery, which allowed him to brew lager year round. Bring your camera and good walking shoes; the route covers about 2.

If the walk works up your own thirst, join in an optional happy hour with cash bar following the tour. ORG and Biblical narratives, in particular, reflect connections to these ancient cultures. In an illustrated all-day program, biblical scholar Gary Rendsburg explores how the people who left us the Bible were informed by other civilizations, and how these influences are reflected in its books. Egypt and Israel 11 a. Egypt and the Book of Exodus p. Canaan and Aram 3 p. Assyria and Babylonia Ishtar Gate, ca. A Tudor Christmas Celebration Tudor monarchs certainly knew how to make the most of a holiday.

The Twelve Days of Christmas provided the royal With court with opportunities for midwinter merrymaking on a Holiday grand scale fit for a king or queen. Tudor and Renaissance Reception scholar Carol Ann Lloyd Stanger provides a colorful glimpse into how members of the Tudor dynasty and their courtiers marked the festive season—as well as how more ordinary people celebrated Christmas. She presents the royal court over the holiday as a place where those wishing to catch the eye of the monarch dressed in their finest, feasted on Christmas pie and wassail, and participated in masques—all overseen by the Lord of Misrule.

Lloyd Stanger examines the religious and social traditions of the seasonal celebrations, as well as its extravagant foods. The evening concludes with a festive reception with foods inspired by the Tudor period. Petite Wild-Game Sandwiches Roasted turkey with cranberry mayonnaise and ham and honey mustard sandwiches on brioche rolls.